Your roof will give you many years of good service if it is properly maintained. Periodically inspect your roof. You should avoid walking on it, as this will cause damage. You should inspect your roof for missing or damaged shingles or tile and have them replaced or repaired promptly. Look in the attic for water stains or wet insulation. Also check around skylights for leaks and re-caulk if necessary. Inspect the flashing in roof valleys, against walls and around the chimney; seal any gaps with a compatible waterproof caulk. Most roof shingling is not a waterproof membrane. Rather, shingles are meant to shed water down their overlapping courses. Erratic weather conditions can cause a buildup of water, either from snow or ice dams formed on the roof or in gutters or downspouts. This water may backup under the shingles or eventually seep through the shingles causing leaks. Remove ice dams from gutters and downspouts and attempt to remove ice and snow from lower portions of the roof.
Gutters and Downspouts:
Gutters and downspouts are very important and are often overlooked by many homeowners. Don’t make that mistake! It is very important to keep gutters and downspouts free of leaves and debris. You should inspect them routinely and remove any blockage. Gutters and downspouts were designed to carry roof water down and away from the foundation, therefore make sure your splash blocks and downspouts are positioned properly to drain the water a minimum of five feet away from the foundation. Also, make sure that the soil grade is sloping away from the home. Failure to keep gutters free from obstruction, or improper sloping away from the home, may result in water infiltration into your home.
Heating and Cooling:
You should inspect your air conditioning and heating system just before the start of their respective seasons to make sure they are in proper working order. Verify that all of the room registers are open and are not obstructed by furniture or other objects. Two kinds of registers are used: air supply registers (located on the wall, in the floor or in the ceiling) that deliver warm or cooled air into the room; and air return registers (located on walls or ceilings, or under the air handler access door) that return air from the room back into the air handler fan to be re-heated or re-cooled. If your home has high and low return air return registers on the wall, do the following: During the winter time, close the upper register and open the bottom register and during air conditioning season, reverse these registers. To regulate temperatures on different floors or rooms during different seasons, adjust the air supply registers by partially opening or closing them, thus restricting or moving additional air into each room.